Basic Background Info


This page will help you find out basic information about someone or questions you might be asked to find out more info about you. Here you can get basic background Spanish translations and know how to respond when you are asked these kinds of things in Spanish.

I made separate posts on these background subjects:

“Where Are You From” In Spanish
“How old are you?” in Spanish
“How long have you been here” in Spanish

Asking someone’s name:

What’s your name?
¿Cómo te llamas?
¿kOH-moh teh yah-mahs?

My name is ___.
Me llamo ___.
meh yah-moh ___.

Nice to meet you.
Mucho gusto.
moo-choh goos-toh.

What brings you here?

What are you doing here?
¿Qué haces aquí?
¿kEH ah-sehs ah-kEE?

I’m on vacation.
Estoy de vacaciones.
ehs-toy deh vah-kah-see-oh-nehs.

I live here.
Vivo aquí.
vee-voh ah-kEE.

I’m here on business.
Estoy aquí por negocios.
ehs-toy ah-kEE pohr neh-goh-seeohs.

I’m visiting family.
Visito a unos parientes.
vee-see-toh ah oo-nohs pah-ree-ehn-tehs.

I’m just passing through.
Estoy de paso.
ehs-toy deh pah-soh.

I’m studying here.
Estudio aquí.
eh-stoo-dee-oh ah-kEE.

I’m visiting my parents.
Visito a mis padres.
vee-see-toh ah mees pah-drehs.

I’m visiting friends.
Visito a unos/as amigos/as.
vee-see-toh ah oo-nohs/ahs ah-mee-gohs/ohs.

   

How long you are going to be staying:

How long are you going to stay?
¿Cuánto tiempo te vas a quedar?
¿kwahn-toh tee-ehm-poh teh vahs ah keh-dahr?

I’m staying _____ [days / weeks / months].
Me quedo _____ [días / semanas / meses].
meh keh-doh _____ [dEE-ahs / seh-mah-nahs / mehs-ehs].

I’m leaving tomorrow.

Me voy mañana.
meh voy mah-nyah-nah.

I’m leaving the day after tomorrow.
Me voy pasado mañana.
meh voy pah-sah-doh mah-nyah-nah.

I’m leaving in _____ [days / weeks / months].
Me voy en _____ [días / semanas / meses].
meh voy ehn _____ [dEE-ahs / seh-mah-nahs / mehs-ehs].

Where are you staying:

Where are you staying?
¿Dónde te quedas?
¿dOHn-deh teh keh-dahs?

I’m at the _____ Hotel.
Me quedo en el hotel _____.
meh keh-doh ehn ehl oh-tehl _____.

I’m renting a place here.
Estoy alquilando un lugar aquí.
ehs-toy ahl-kee-lahn-doh oon loo-gahr ah-kee.

I’m staying with [friends / family].
Me quedo con [amigos/as / familia].
meh keh-doh kohn [a-mee-gohs/ahs / fah-mee-lee-ah].

Who did you come with:

Who are you traveling with?
¿Con quién viajas?
¿kohn kee-EHn vee-ah-hahs?

Are you by yourself?
¿Estás solo/a?
¿eh-stAHs soh-loh/ah?

I’m on my own.
Vengo solo/a.
vehn-goh soh-loh/ah

I’m with my _____.
Vengo con mi(s) _____.
vehn-goh kohn mee(s) _____.

friend(s)
amigo(s)/a(s)
ah-mee-goh(s)/ah(s)

family
familia
fah-mee-lee-ah

parents
padres
pah-dres

boyfriend / girlfriend
novio/a
noh-vee-oh/ah

brother(s) / sister(s)
hermano(s)/a(s)
ehr-mah-noh/ah

father / mother
padre / madre
pah-dreh / mah-dreh

   

Asking who you live with and responding:

Do you live by yourself?
¿Vives solo/a?
¿vee-vehs soh-loh/ah?

Who do you live with?
¿Con quién vives?
¿kohn kee-EHn vee-vehs?

I live alone.
Vivo solo/a.
vee-voh soh-loh/ah.

I live with my _____.
Vivo con mi(s) ____.
vee-voh kohn mee(s) _____.

friend (guy)
amigo
ah-mee-goh

parents
padres
mees pah-drehs

brother(s)
hermano(s)
ehr-mah-noh(s)

boyfriend
novio
noh-vee-oh

husband
marido / esposo
mah-ree-doh / ehs-poh-soh

I have a room mate.
Tengo un compañero de cuarto.
tehn-goh oon kohm-pahr-toh deh kwahr-toh.

friend (girl)
amiga
ah-mee-gah

family
familia
fah-mee-lee-ah

sister(s)
hermana(s)
ehr-mah-nah(s)

girlfriend
novia
noh-vee-ah

wife
mujer / esposa
moo-hehr / ehs-poh-sah


   

Related posts:

  1. Romantic Spanish Phrases


One Response to Basic Background Info
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